Introduction 2(to) International Development

"Poverty" Cluster





Literacy for a better future .....
(at a literacy class for women in a mountain area of Nepal)


 2002 Thematic Cluster Syllabus

(April 2002)

Cluster Manager: Prof. Sanae ITO (伊東早苗助教授)

Participating Professors: Prof. Yoshihiko NISHIMURA, Prof. Aya OKADA (DID); Prof. Sanae ITO, Prof. Hirotsune KIMURA (DICOS); Prof. Masato NODA (Research Associate).

Meeting Dates: June 5, 12, and 19

Classes are conducted in English and Japanese.

Cluster Agenda

This cluster deals with poverty and its related fields such as education and rural development. An overview of the issues and strategies to tackle the problems will be given through lectures. Students are expected to participate in the discussions on appropriate measures for poverty reduction.


Cluster Schedule: Themes and Issues

Pay attention to the Course Bulletin Board on the web.

June 5

Prof. Kimura
Prof. Noda
Prof. Ito

Measurement of Poverty and Strategies for Poverty Reduction: An Overview

The first lecture examines the conceptualisation and the measurement of poverty adopted by different donor agencies. It also inquires into the problems inherent in conventional anti-poverty approaches and tries to identify better policies.



This first meeting (June 5) on 'Poverty' will be held as an Extension Lecture (open to the public) during the Meidai-sai (Nagoya University Festival). It will take a form of the participatory workshop.

June 12

Prof. Okada

Education and Poverty Reduction

The second lecture examines: i) the impact of poverty on education in developing countries; ii) the impact of education on poverty reduction; and iii) strategies for expanding the poor’s access to education.


本講義では、1)今日途上国が抱える教育開発上の重要課題−特に、アクセスと質の改善−に貧困が及ぼす影響; 2)貧困削減に教育が果たす役割; 3)貧困層の教育機会の拡大のための政策手段、の3点に焦点をあてて、理論的・実証的研究のこれまでの流れを概観するとともに、議論を通じて教育の現状に関する参加者の理解と問題意識の高揚を図る。

June 19

Prof. Nishimura
Prof. Ito

Rural Poverty

The third lecture focuses on rural poverty in developing countries. It examines why the development profession has often failed to capture the realities of rural poverty. It also provides a brief overview of the successive ‘rural development paradigms’ in the past half-century, and introduces an emerging new paradigm.



Textbooks and Readings

June 5

Required Readings:

Required reading materials will be provided.

Recommended Readings:

・Chambers, Robert. 1983. Chapter 5. Rural Development: Putting the Last First. Harlow: Longman.

・Rahnema, M. 1992. “Poverty” in Sachs, W. ed. The Development Dictionary: A Guide to Knowledge as Power. London: Zed Books Ltd.

・Townsend, P. 1993. The International Analysis of Poverty. NY: Harvester Wheatsheaf.

・UNDP. 1997. Human Development Report 1997. New York: Oxford University Press.

・西川潤 1994 『貧困<新版>』 岩波書店

・ロバート・チェンバース 『第三世界の農村開発』 明石書店 第5章「貧困の罠」

June 12

Required Readings:

・World Bank. 2000. “Overview: Attacking Poverty: Opportunity, Empowerment, and Security” and “The Nature and Evolution of Poverty” (Chapter 1). World Development Report 2000/2001: Attacking Poverty. New York: Oxford University Press.

・Sen, Amartya. 1999. “Introduction: Development as Freedom” and “The Perspective of Freedom.” Development as Freedom. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Recommended Readings:

・Colclough, Christopher and Keith Lewin. 1993. Educating All the Children: Strategies for Primary Schooling in the South. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

・Freire, Paulo. 1993. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. 30th anniversary edition. New York: Continuum.

・Osttveit, Svein. 2000. “Education for All: Ten Years After Jomtien.” Prospects. Vol. XXX, No. 1.

・Tilak, Jandhyala B. G. 1999. “Education and Poverty in South Asia”. Prospects. Vol. XXIX, No.4, pp. 517-533.

・UNDP. 1990. Human Development Report 1990. New York: Oxford University Press.

June 19

Required Readings:

・Chambers, Robert. 1983. “Rural poverty unobserved: the six biases.” Rural Development: Putting the Last First. Harlow: Longman. pp.13-25.

・Murray, Colin. 2002. “Rural livelihoods.” Desai & Potter, eds. The Companion to Development Studies. London: Arnold. pp.151-55.

Recommended Readings:

・International Fund for Agricultural Development. 2001. Rural Poverty Report 2001: The Challenge of Ending Rural Poverty. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

・Johnson, Susan and Ben Rogaly. 1997. Microfinance and Poverty Reduction. Oxford: Oxfam.

Internet Resoruces

June 5, 12, 19

World Bank Thematic Site: Poverty

ID21 (UK-based Development Research Reporting Service:

Participation Resource Center, IDS, Sussex