Introduction 2(to) International Development

"Intercultural Understanding and Communication" Cluster





A bridge that unites .....


 2002 Thematic Cluster Syllabus

(April 2002)

Cluster Manager: Prof. Toru KINOSHITA (木下徹教授)

Participating Professors: Prof. Takeshi HIGASHIMURA (DICOS); Prof. Naoki CHUJO, Prof. Toru KINOSHITA (DICOS); Prof. Makiko TADOKORO (Foreign Student Advisor)

Meeting Dates: July 10 and 17

Classes are conducted in Japanese and English.

Cluster Agenda

It seems increasingly true that there will be no truly significant international cooperation without fairly comprehensive intercultural understanding. Based on this hypothesis, this cluster will attempt to provide some basic concepts and theoretical frameworks regarding intercultural understanding and communication, including some viewpoints of clinical psychology and counseling. This cluster will also investigate actual examples of cross cultural encounters in various areas in the world. (The former USSR and Japan are going to be focused on this year.)


Cluster Schedule: Themes and Issues

Pay attention to the Course Bulletin Board on the web.

July 10

Porf. Kinoshita
Prof. Tadokoro

1. Introduction to Intercultural Communication

The introductory talk of this cluster will introduce some basic theoretical frameworks and technical terms used in the field of intercultural understanding and communication. In addition, some alternative views on the definition of culture and its variability will be dealt with. The concept of “development communication”, which has been modified and revitalized recently, is also, going to be referred to. Special attention will be paid to one of the most important issues of concern for international cooperation, the potential for cross-cultural misunderstandings and their possible solutions.

1. 異文化コミュニケーション入門


2. Intercultural Contact and Psychology

At the Graduate School of International Development, there are many students who have rich experiences in foreign countries. We have many foreign students from all over the world. This unique environment provides good opportunities for us to experience real cultural and personal diversities in our daily life. When we are confronted with an unaccustomed environment, or when people with various cultural backgrounds encounter, what might be happening in an individual self and what can we learn from it? This short lecture will deal with the concept of “Intercultural Contact” from the viewpoint of Psychology. For example, I plan to present cases of intercultural adjustment/adaptation such as intercultural stress and culture shock.

2. 異文化接触と心理学


July 17

Prof. Higashimura
Prof. Chujo

1. Crosscultural Encounters in Japan: Colonization of Hokkaido, Development and Indigenous People

This lecture deals with development and the case of the indigenous people in Hokkaido, the first colony of modern Japan and mainly focuses on the establishment of rules in crosscultural encounters. Concerning indigenous peoples' problems, it is general that laws and regulations to control lands have been set up not by asking consent of the original inhabitants but based on the logic and convenience of the immigrants, and this has led to the current controversy on how much indigenous rights should be recognized. We will see how the life of the Ainu has been restricted and how the problem can be solved.

1. 日本における異文化接触―北海道の植民地化と開発・先住民族


2. Crosscultural Encounters in Former USSR

In 1963, the American president J.F. Kennedy said, “History teaches us that enmities between nations, as between individuals, do not last forever... We must therefore persevere in the search for peace in the hope that constructive changes within the Communist bloc might bring within reach solutions which now seem beyond us.” In spite of Kennedy’s belief, however, only very few of us could predict the collapse of the former USSR in December, 1991. The difficulty was at least partly because the USSR was able to maintain itself as a multi-ethnic state after the revolution in 1917 for more than 70 years. In this part of the cluster, I will briefly review the culture-related policies the USSR imposed upon its peoples in order to maintain that huge multi-ethnic state.

2. 旧ソ連圏における異文化接触

1963年のJ.F.ケネディ米大統領のことば、「歴史はわれわれに、国家間の敵意は個人間と同様、永久に続くものではないことを教えてくれる。・・・・・<中略>・・・・・ われわれは共産圏内部に建設的な変化が起こって、いま不可能と思われるようなことが可能になる日の来るのを待たねばならない。されば、忍耐心をもって事に臨もうではないか」を耳にした時、1991年12月のソ連邦の消滅を予想できたであろうか。1917年の革命以降、多民族国家となったソ連が、まがりなりにも70数年国家を維持するために、どのような文化政策を異文化の人々に押しつけて来たのだろうか。簡略にその事実を振り返ってみたい。

Textbooks and Readings

July 10

Required Reading (Prof. Kinoshita):

・J.V.ネウストプニー著『外国人とのコミュニケーション』岩波新書 1982

Recommended Reading (Prof. Kinoshita):

・八代京子他著『異文化トレーニング:ボーダーレス社会を生きる』 1998

Recommended Readings (Prof. Tadokoro):






・Education for the Intercultural Experience, Paige, R. M.,1993, Intercultural Press, Inc.

July 17

Recommended Readings (Prof. Higashimura):

・Richard Siddle, Race, Resisitance and the Ainu of Japan, Routledge, 1996

Required Reading (Prof. Chujo):

・新版ロシア文学案内  岩波文庫 別冊2 岩波書店

Recommended Reading (Prof. Chujo):

・松山捕虜収容所日記−ロシア将校の見た明治日本 中央公論社

Internet Resources

July 10


July 17